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Der Symbologe Robert Langdon wird von Vertretern des Vatikans in einer dringlichen Angelegenheit um Hilfe gebeten. Eine Botschaft des Geheimbundes der Illuminaten in Rom muss innerhalb weniger Stunden entschlüsselt werden, um eine Katastrophe zu. Illuminati (lat. für: die Erleuchteten) steht für: Mitglieder von Gruppierungen: Illuminati, Mitglieder einer 17bestehenden Geheimgesellschaft, siehe. Radio Vatikan hat den Abteilungsleiter der Glaubenskongregation, Johannes Fürnkranz, bei einem Spaziergang auf den Spuren des. Illuminati | Dan Brown, Axel Merz | ISBN: | Kostenloser Versand für alle Bücher mit Versand und Verkauf duch Amazon. Der Thriller von Bestseller-Autor Dan Brown führt den Leser in atemloser Jagd durch die heilige Stadt. Noch nie ist mir aufgefallen, dass es einen Fluchtweg gibt.
Der Thriller von Bestseller-Autor Dan Brown führt den Leser in atemloser Jagd durch die heilige Stadt. Noch nie ist mir aufgefallen, dass es einen Fluchtweg gibt. Der Symbologe Robert Langdon wird von Vertretern des Vatikans in einer dringlichen Angelegenheit um Hilfe gebeten. Eine Botschaft des Geheimbundes der Illuminaten in Rom muss innerhalb weniger Stunden entschlüsselt werden, um eine Katastrophe zu. Illuminati - Der Kult, der die Welt gekapert hat (German Edition) eBook: Makow Ph.D., Henry, Kautz-Vella, Harald: submitlink.se: Kindle Store.
Illuminati VideoHow the Illuminati conspiracy theory started - BBC Ideas Illuminati - Der Kult, der die Welt gekapert hat (German Edition) eBook: Makow Ph.D., Henry, Kautz-Vella, Harald: submitlink.se: Kindle Store. Illuminati von Dan Brown um € jetzt bequem und einfach online bestellen. Verfügbar bzw. lieferbar innerhalb von 48 Stunden. Kurztext / Annotation Plant die längst vergessene Gesellschaft der Illuminaten einen Anschlag auf den Vatikan? Robert Langdon ermittelt. Ein Kernforscher wird. Die literarische Kulturführung in Rom bringt zu den Stationen des Illuminati-Pfades und rekonstruiert in chronologischer Abfolge die Aufdeckung der Symbole. Nach dem großen Erfolg der „Da Vinci Code”-Verfilmung wurde auch die Produktion für „Illuminati” (Originaltitel: Angels and Demons, ) in Auftrag gegeben. At the time, he was in charge of the Bavarian National Lottery. Take the quiz Spell It Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? Bode, who https://submitlink.se/filme-kostenlos-stream-legal/conrad-anker.php ehe sex by Martinism, immediately entered negotiations see more Knigge, and finally joined the Illuminati in January In reality, the creation of the Eclectic Alliance had undermined all of the subtle plans of the Illuminati to spread their own doctrine through Freemasonry. Architects of Fear. Weishaupt's emphasis on the recruitment of university students link that senior positions in more info order often had to be https://submitlink.se/hd-filme-stream-deutsch/tashan-e-ishq.php by young men with little practical experience.
Illuminati - NavigationsmenüEine spannende Schnitzeljagd durch Rom beginnt Sehr interessant. Die Lösung führt zum sog. Der Illuminati-Spaziergang endet auf der Piazza Navona: Hier wird besonders sichtbar, wie kreativ Buch und Film mit den örtlichen Gegebenheiten umgingen. Der Zirkel entstand im universitären Bereich in der zweiten Hälfte des
Either through assassination of their leaders or by nuclear destruction. Thankfully, nuclear action has not had to be taken yet; however, do not put it past these people to bring about such destruction.
It is real. I can assure you. The machine is housed entirely in a bunker that is underwater in the Pacific Ocean.
This machine has capability of creating any natural disaster that the Illuminati wish to create.
The Hurricane was used as a diversion. While the area was in chaos, and attention was diverted everywhere, engineers were sent down to prepare for the gulf oil spill.
I can assure you that the Illuminati is capable of releasing more oil into the gulf. The oil that has already been pumped into the gulf is only a small amount compared to what could possibly be done.
I already mentioned that the oil spill was used as an agent to implant microbodies into the brains of the children in the area.
These children that have been affected are now subject to government control whenever these microbodies are activated. The Illuminati also used the opportunity that Katrina presented to build a bunker that is directly beneath the French Quarter.
Why else do you think that FEMA was slow to provide adequate assistance? The engineers needed time.
The HAARP machine is not controlled by any one single country; it is collectively controlled and used. Not all of the events are relevant or important, some are just tests, some are even mistakes.
Rest assured however that once there is need for a natural disaster, the disaster can be generated, engineered, and directed and have whatever effect is necessary.
Another thing that is housed in these bunkers are drugs. There are massive amounts of cocaine, marijuana, heroine, and all kinds of other drugs being stored.
The drug trade and war on drugs are essential to the Illuminati. As more and more drugs are traded and cartels become more powerful, the Illuminati becomes richer and more powerful.
One of the major contributors and benefactors to the drug trade is Warren Buffett. Buffett has been running the drug trade in the Western Hemisphere for the past twenty years.
The drug cartels of Mexico are under his power. It is important that the Illuminati control the majority of the drugs in North America.
This is because it gives them yet another vehicle to transport technology that allows them to take control of the consumers.
The Illuminati is constantly searching for ways to implant themselves in the minds of the general public, and naturally, control of the drug trade was the perfect way to do so.
Buffett secured control of the drug trade when he approached multiple drug cartels and presented them with contracts. He has been in control ever since, and Ben Bernanke is assisting him with the day to day operations.
Multiple bunkers are also equipped to serve as crematories. Much in the same way that the Nazis burned their victims, the Illuminati plans to burn victims that are killed off.
Many have speculated that FEMA has constructed stockpiles of coffins to be used for mass burials, but this is not true. Mass burials would take a massive amount of time and effort.
FEMA, which is an Illuminati run organization, decided that this would be the most effective way to dispose of a mass amount of bodies.
Yet more of these bunkers contain robots that are designed and ready to infiltrate the workplace in the case of a labor shortage.
Robots will be sent in to perform the jobs that these people were doing, and these people will be used for other events, such as war, propaganda, and violence.
These robots will also be used once population control goes into effect. Alex Jones is not who he says he is. For years he has been working to uncover the secrets of the Illuminati and the New World Order, but yet he is a member of the former, and will be in power in the latter.
Jones has been placed in the world of conspiracy theories to feed false information, to throw trackers off the trail. Do not believe anything that the man tells you.
All of the information that he presents is fabricated by the Illuminati, for the Illuminati. Think of Joseph Goebbels. Alex Jones is the perfect Joseph Goebbels.
You are being lied to by a man that receives his instructions straight from the Illuminati. The moon landing in was real, but there was a moon landing seven years earlier that was the first real landing.
In truth, the Russians were the first ones to land on the moon; however, they did not publicize the mission nor the results.
It was decided that America was going to win the space race in order to secure a feeling of capitalism over communism.
Russia launched their own rocket ship toward the moon as a test run to ensure that the American trial would be successful seven years later.
Everything went perfect with the Russian moon landing, and the same technology was then applied to the American moon mission.
While on the moon, the American astronauts began the first construction of nuclear missile sites on the moon. These nuclear missile sites have been added onto over the years by way of subsequent moon missions and work by remote control robots.
The purpose of these missile sites is the ability to launch nuclear missiles without the risk of tracing the missiles back to a particular country.
The scenario in which these missiles would be used is to attack a nation that is not cooperating with the Illuminati.
The Illuminati would order missiles launched at the nation, but without the afflicted nation being able to track where exactly the missiles came from, they would not be able to show evidence that they should declare war on a specific country.
In my opinion, these missiles will never be used because there are many other ways that the Illuminati can bring down an entire government other than nuking them.
However, to my knowledge, the moon currently has 2 fully equipped nuclear missile sites that can be operated from Earth.
A weapon has been created that shoot a beam of high density radiation right into the heart of a planet or star. This beam of radiation penetrates through the planet creating a very large cylinder in the exact middle of it.
The radiation that is left behind begins to eat at the star or planet and the effects spread like wildfire. This technology has been tested on various stars in our immediate solar system and is very effective.
The first thing that occurs to the star is that the radiation eats a perfect cylinder through the middle of the star, the radiation left behind begins working its way outward degenerating anything in its path.
The radiation continues to build and spread. Some stars hung on until they were totally deteriorated from the radiation; however, some stars became so unstable that they combusted at a certain point.
Scientists are certain that this technology can be used on the sun, but also on other planets.
One estimate that I overheard was that from the initial shot of radiation, it would take approximately nine years for the entire sun to be entirely consumed.
We would begin seeing the effects of the radiation in approximately 3 and a half years however. The first signs would be shorter days and a decreased amount of sunlight during those days.
The sun would start becoming unstable at about the seven year point, and we will begin seeing massive solar flares. Once the nine years is up, all life on earth will be dead.
Since my departure, I am completely unsure who the top, head leaders of the Illuminati are at this point, but I will give my best guess.
The Illuminati is structured so that there are one to three major leaders in each major region of the world; however, some regions are left out because of a lack of a suitable leader; therefore, a leader is installed there.
Warren Buffett is most likely the head of all Illuminati operations. Goldman Sachs is a key player in the North American Illuminati sector.
Usually this means that Facebook will fall under Illuminati control soon, just as Myspace and Twitter have. South America is void of any real Illuminati leaders.
Hugo Chavez has been difficult to work with in the past. He seems to be in line with the Illuminati agenda; however, he does not like being told what to do.
Most of the North American leaders control South America as well. In Europe:. Nicolas Sarkozy is the main guy.
He controls the majority of the operations in Europe and Africa. Gordon Brown was very influential in the Illuminati until he decided to begin playing his way; this is why he was removed from office.
My opinion is that he is still a key player, just not as key as he once was. There are several African arms dealer that have recently gained some power; however, I am unaware of their identities.
The Middle East is controlled largely by Benjamin Netanyahu which should not come as much of a surprise. In subsequent use, "Illuminati" has referred to various organisations which have claimed or have been claimed to be connected to the original Bavarian Illuminati or similar secret societies, though these links have been unsubstantiated.
These organisations have often been alleged to conspire to control world affairs, by masterminding events and planting agents in government and corporations , in order to gain political power and influence and to establish a New World Order.
Central to some of the more widely known and elaborate conspiracy theories , the Illuminati have been depicted as lurking in the shadows and pulling the strings and levers of power in dozens of novels, films, television shows, comics, video games, and music videos.
Adam Weishaupt — became professor of Canon Law and practical philosophy at the University of Ingolstadt in He was the only non-clerical professor at an institution run by Jesuits , whose order Pope Clement XIV had dissolved in The Jesuits of Ingolstadt, however, still retained the purse strings and some power at the University, which they continued to regard as their own.
They made constant attempts to frustrate and discredit non-clerical staff, especially when course material contained anything they regarded as liberal or Protestant.
Weishaupt became deeply anti-clerical , resolving to spread the ideals of the Enlightenment Aufklärung through some sort of secret society of like-minded individuals.
Finding Freemasonry expensive, and not open to his ideas, he founded his own society which was to have a system of ranks or grades based on those in Freemasonry, but with his own agenda.
Weishaupt became Spartacus. Weishaupt later expelled Sutor for indolence. Massenhausen proved initially the most active in expanding the society.
Significantly, while studying in Munich shortly after the formation of the order, he recruited Xavier von Zwack , a former pupil of Weishaupt at the beginning of a significant administrative career.
At the time, he was in charge of the Bavarian National Lottery. Massenhausen's enthusiasm soon became a liability in the eyes of Weishaupt, often resulting in attempts to recruit unsuitable candidates.
Later, his erratic love-life made him neglectful, and as Weishaupt passed control of the Munich group to Zwack, it became clear that Massenhausen had misappropriated subscriptions and intercepted correspondence between Weishaupt and Zwack.
In , Massenhausen graduated and took a post outside Bavaria , taking no further interest in the order.
At this time, the order had a nominal membership of twelve. With the departure of Massenhausen, Zwack immediately applied himself to recruiting more mature and important recruits.
Most prized by Weishaupt was Hertel, a childhood friend and a canon of the Munich Frauenkirche. During this early period, the order had three grades of Novice, Minerval, and Illuminated Minerval, of which only the Minerval grade involved a complicated ceremony.
In this the candidate was given secret signs and a password. A system of mutual espionage kept Weishaupt informed of the activities and character of all his members, his favourites becoming members of the ruling council, or Areopagus.
Some novices were permitted to recruit, becoming Insinuants. Christians of good character were actively sought, with Jews and pagans specifically excluded, along with women, monks, and members of other secret societies.
Favoured candidates were rich, docile, willing to learn, and aged 18— Having, with difficulty, dissuaded some of his members from joining the Freemasons, Weishaupt decided to join the older order to acquire material to expand his own ritual.
Zwack persuaded Weishaupt that their own order should enter into friendly relations with Freemasonry, and obtain the dispensation to set up their own lodge.
At this stage December , the addition of the first three degrees of Freemasonry was seen as a secondary project.
With little difficulty, a warrant was obtained from the Grand Lodge of Prussia called the Royal York for Friendship , and the new lodge was called Theodore of the Good Council , with the intention of flattering Charles Theodore, Elector of Bavaria.
It was founded in Munich on 21 March , and quickly packed with Illuminati. The first master, a man called Radl, was persuaded to return home to Baden, and by July Weishaupt's order ran the lodge.
The next step involved independence from their Grand Lodge. By establishing masonic relations with the Union lodge in Frankfurt, affiliated to the Premier Grand Lodge of England , lodge Theodore became independently recognised, and able to declare its independence.
As a new mother lodge, it could now spawn lodges of its own. The recruiting drive amongst the Frankfurt masons also obtained the allegiance of Adolph Freiherr Knigge.
Knigge was recruited late in at a convention of the Rite of Strict Observance by Costanzo Marchese di Costanzo, an infantry captain in the Bavarian army and a fellow Freemason.
Knigge, still in his twenties, had already reached the highest initiatory grades of his order, and had arrived with his own grand plans for its reform.
Disappointed that his scheme found no support, Knigge was immediately intrigued when Costanzo informed him that the order that he sought to create already existed.
Knigge and three of his friends expressed a strong interest in learning more of this order, and Costanzo showed them material relating to the Minerval grade.
The teaching material for the grade was "liberal" literature which was banned in Bavaria, but common knowledge in the Protestant German states.
Knigge's three companions became disillusioned and had no more to do with Costanzo, but Knigge's persistence was rewarded in November by a letter from Weishaupt.
Knigge's connections, both within and outside of Freemasonry, made him an ideal recruit. Knigge, for his own part, was flattered by the attention, and drawn towards the order's stated aims of education and the protection of mankind from despotism.
Weishaupt managed to acknowledge, and pledge to support, Knigge's interest in alchemy and the "higher sciences".
Knigge replied to Weishaupt outlining his plans for the reform of Freemasonry as the Strict Observance began to question its own origins.
Weishaupt set Knigge the task of recruiting before he could be admitted to the higher grades of the order.
Knigge accepted, on the condition that he be allowed to choose his own recruiting grounds. Many other masons found Knigge's description of the new masonic order attractive, and were enrolled in the Minerval grade of the Illuminati.
Knigge appeared at this time to believe in the "Most Serene Superiors" which Weishaupt claimed to serve.
His inability to articulate anything about the higher degrees of the order became increasingly embarrassing, but in delaying any help, Weishaupt gave him an extra task.
Provided with material by Weishaupt, Knigge now produced pamphlets outlining the activities of the outlawed Jesuits, purporting to show how they continued to thrive and recruit, especially in Bavaria.
Meanwhile, Knigge's inability to give his recruits any satisfactory response to questions regarding the higher grades was making his position untenable, and he wrote to Weishaupt to this effect.
In January , faced with the prospect of losing Knigge and his masonic recruits, Weishaupt finally confessed that his superiors and the supposed antiquity of the order were fictions, and the higher degrees had yet to be written.
If Knigge had expected to learn the promised deep secrets of Freemasonry in the higher degrees of the Illuminati, he was surprisingly calm about Weishaupt's revelation.
Weishaupt promised Knigge a free hand in the creation of the higher degrees, and also promised to send him his own notes. For his own part, Knigge welcomed the opportunity to use the order as a vehicle for his own ideas.
His new approach would, he claimed, make the Illuminati more attractive to prospective members in the Protestant kingdoms of Germany.
In November the Areopagus advanced Knigge 50 florins to travel to Bavaria, which he did via Swabia and Franconia , meeting and enjoying the hospitality of other Illuminati on his journey.
The order had now developed profound internal divisions. The Eichstaedt command had formed an autonomous province in July , and a rift was growing between Weishaupt and the Areopagus, who found him stubborn, dictatorial, and inconsistent.
Knigge fitted readily into the role of peacemaker. In discussions with the Areopagus and Weishaupt, Knigge identified two areas which were problematic.
Weishaupt's emphasis on the recruitment of university students meant that senior positions in the order often had to be filled by young men with little practical experience.
Secondly, the anti-Jesuit ethos of the order at its inception had become a general anti-religious sentiment, which Knigge knew would be a problem in recruiting the senior Freemasons that the order now sought to attract.
Knigge felt keenly the stifling grip of conservative Catholicism in Bavaria, and understood the anti-religious feelings that this produced in the liberal Illuminati, but he also saw the negative impression these same feelings would engender in Protestant states, inhibiting the spread of the order in greater Germany.
Both the Areopagus and Weishaupt felt powerless to do anything less than give Knigge a free hand. He had the contacts within and outside of Freemasonry that they needed, and he had the skill as a ritualist to build their projected gradal structure, where they had ground to a halt at Illuminatus Minor , with only the Minerval grade below and the merest sketches of higher grades.
The only restrictions imposed were the need to discuss the inner secrets of the highest grades, and the necessity of submitting his new grades for approval.
Meanwhile, the scheme to propagate Illuminatism as a legitimate branch of Freemasonry had stalled. While Lodge Theodore was now in their control, a chapter of "Elect Masters" attached to it only had one member from the order, and still had a constitutional superiority to the craft lodge controlled by the Illuminati.
The chapter would be difficult to persuade to submit to the Areopagus, and formed a very real barrier to Lodge Theodore becoming the first mother-lodge of a new Illuminated Freemasonry.
A treaty of alliance was signed between the order and the chapter, and by the end of January four daughter lodges had been created, but independence was not in the chapter's agenda.
Costanza wrote to the Royal York pointing out the discrepancy between the fees dispatched to their new Grand Lodge and the service they had received in return.
The Royal York, unwilling to lose the revenue, offered to confer the "higher" secrets of Freemasonry on a representative that their Munich brethren would dispatch to Berlin.
Costanza accordingly set off for Prussia on 4 April , with instructions to negotiate a reduction in Theodore's fees while he was there.
On the way, he managed to have an argument with a Frenchman on the subject of a lady with whom they were sharing a carriage.
The Frenchman sent a message ahead to the king, some time before they reached Berlin, denouncing Costanza as a spy. He was only freed from prison with the help of the Grand Master of Royal York, and was expelled from Prussia having accomplished nothing.
Knigge's initial plan to obtain a constitution from London would, they realised, have been seen through by the chapter. Until such time as they could take over other masonic lodges that their chapter could not control, they were for the moment content to rewrite the three degrees for the lodges which they administered.
On 20 January Knigge tabulated his new system of grades for the order. These were arranged in three classes:. Knigge's recruitment from German Freemasonry was far from random.
He targeted the masters and wardens, the men who ran the lodges, and were often able to place the entire lodge at the disposal of the Illuminati.
In Aachen , Baron de Witte, master of Constancy lodge, caused every member to join the order. In this way, the order expanded rapidly in central and southern Germany, and obtained a foothold in Austria.
Moving into the Spring of , the handful of students that had started the order had swelled to about members, only 20 of the new recruits being students.
In Munich, the first half of saw huge changes in the government of Lodge Theodore. In February, Weishaupt had offered to split the lodge, with the Illuminati going their own way and the chapter taking any remaining traditionalists into their own continuation of Theodore.
At this point, the chapter unexpectedly capitulated, and the Illuminati had complete control of lodge and chapter.
In June, both lodge and chapter sent letters severing relations with Royal York, citing their own faithfulness in paying for their recognition, and Royal York's failure to provide any instruction into the higher grades.
Their neglect of Costanza, failure to defend him from malicious charges or prevent his expulsion from Prussia, were also cited.
They had made no effort to provide Costanza with the promised secrets, and the Munich masons now suspected that their brethren in Berlin relied on the mystical French higher grades which they sought to avoid.
Lodge Theodore was now independent. The Rite of Strict Observance was now in a critical state. Suspicion turned to open contempt when it transpired that Carl regarded the Stuart heir to the British throne as the true Grand Master, and the lodges of the Strict Observance all but ignored their Grand Master.
This impasse led to the Convent of Wilhelmsbad. Delayed from 15 October , the last convention of the Strict Observance finally opened on 16 July in the spa town of Wilhelmsbad on the outskirts of now part of Hanau.
Ostensibly a discussion of the future of the order, the 35 delegates knew that the Strict Observance in its current form was doomed, and that the Convent of Wilhelmsbad would be a struggle over the pieces between the German mystics , under Duke Ferdinand of Brunswick-Wolfenbüttel and their host Prince Charles of Hesse-Kassel , and the Martinists , under Jean-Baptiste Willermoz.
The only dissenting voices to mystical higher grades were Johann Joachim Christoph Bode , who was horrified by Martinism, but whose proposed alternatives were as yet unformed, and Franz Dietrich von Ditfurth, a judge from Wetzlar and master of the Joseph of the Three Helmets lodge there, who was already a member of the Illuminati.
Ditfurth publicly campaigned for a return to the basic three degrees of Freemasonry, which was the least likely outcome of the convention.
The mystics already had coherent plans to replace the higher degrees. The lack of a coherent alternative to the two strains of mysticism allowed the Illuminati to present themselves as a credible option.
Ditfurth, prompted and assisted by Knigge, who now had full authority to act for the order, became their spokesman.
Knigge's original plan to propose an alliance between the two orders was rejected by Weishaupt, who saw no point in an alliance with a dying order.
His new plan was to recruit the masons opposed to the "Templar" higher degree of the Strict Observance. At the convent, Ditfurth blocked the attempts of Willermoz and Hesse to introduce their own higher grades by insisting that full details of such degrees be revealed to the delegates.
The frustration of the German mystics led to their enrolling Count Kollowrat with the Illuminati with a view to later affiliation.
Ditfurth's own agenda was to replace all of the higher degrees with a single fourth degree, with no pretensions to further masonic revelations.
Finding no support for his plan, he left the convent prematurely, writing to the Areopagus that he expected nothing good of the assembly.
In an attempt to satisfy everybody, the Convent of Wilhelmsbad achieved little. They renounced the Templar origins of their ritual, while retaining the Templar titles, trappings and administrative structure.
Charles of Hesse and Ferdinand of Brunswick remained at the head of the order, but in practice the lodges were almost independent.
Crucially, individual lodges of the order were now allowed to fraternise with lodges of other systems. The new "Scottish Grade" introduced with the Lyon ritual of Willermoz was not compulsory, each province and prefecture was free to decide what, if anything, happened after the three craft degrees.
Finally, in an effort to show that something had been achieved, the convent regulated at length on etiquette, titles, and a new numbering for the provinces.
What the Convent of Wilhelmsbad actually achieved was the demise of the Strict Observance. It renounced its own origin myth, along with the higher degrees which bound its highest and most influential members.
It abolished the strict control which had kept the order united, and alienated many Germans who mistrusted Martinism.
Bode, who was repelled by Martinism, immediately entered negotiations with Knigge, and finally joined the Illuminati in January Charles of Hesse joined the following month.
Knigge's first efforts at an alliance with the intact German Grand Lodges failed, but Weishaupt persisted.
He proposed a new federation where all of the German lodges would practise an agreed, unified system in the essential three degrees of Freemasonry, and be left to their own devices as to which, if any, system of higher degrees they wished to pursue.
This would be a federation of Grand Lodges, and members would be free to visit any of the "blue" lodges, in any jurisdiction.
All lodge masters would be elected, and no fees would be paid to any central authority whatsoever. Groups of lodges would be subject to a "Scottish Directorate", composed of members delegated by lodges, to audit finances, settle disputes, and authorise new lodges.
These in turn would elect Provincial Directorates, who would elect inspectors, who would elect the national director.
This system would correct the current imbalance in German Freemasonry, where masonic ideals of equality were preserved only in the lower three "symbolic" degrees.
The various systems of higher degrees were dominated by the elite who could afford researches in alchemy and mysticism.
To Weishaupt and Knigge, the proposed federation was also a vehicle to propagate Illuminism throughout German Freemasonry. Their intention was to use their new federation, with its emphasis on the fundamental degrees, to remove all allegiance to Strict Observance, allowing the "eclectic" system of the Illuminati to take its place.
The circular announcing the new federation outlined the faults of German freemasonry, that unsuitable men with money were often admitted on the basis of their wealth, that the corruption of civil society had infected the lodges.
Having advocated the deregulation of the higher grades of the German lodges, the Illuminati now announced their own, from their "unknown Superiors".
Knigge, in a letter to all the Royal York lodges, now accused that Grand Lodge of decadence. Their Freemasonry had allegedly been corrupted by the Jesuits.
Strict Observance was now attacked as a creation of the Stuarts, devoid of all moral virtue. The Zinnendorf rite of the Grand Landlodge of the Freemasons of Germany was suspect because its author was in league with the Swedes.
This direct attack had the opposite effect to that intended by Weishaupt, it offended many of its readers.
The Grand Lodge of the Grand Orient of Warsaw, which controlled Freemasonry in Poland and Lithuania, was happy to participate in the federation only as far as the first three degrees.
Their insistence on independence had kept them from the Strict Observance, and would now keep them from the Illuminati, whose plan to annex Freemasonry rested on their own higher degrees.
By the end of January the Illuminati's masonic contingent had seven lodges. It was not only the clumsy appeal of the Illuminati that left the federation short of members.
Lodge Theodore was recently formed and did not command respect like the older lodges. Most of all, the Freemasons most likely to be attracted to the federation saw the Illuminati as an ally against the mystics and Martinists , but valued their own freedom too highly to be caught in another restrictive organisation.
Even Ditfurth, the supposed representative of the Illuminati at Wilhelmsbad, had pursued his own agenda at the convent. The non-mystical Frankfurt lodges created an "Eclectic Alliance", which was almost indistinguishable in constitution and aims from the Illuminati's federation.